Aesthetics Daily – Each hair has a different color, style, texture, length and type. But no matter what type of hair you have, you can get hair problems. That is why hair needs constant and regular care and attention.
Overall, hair is very sensitive to changes in environment, diet, and health. Hair that was previously healthy can be damaged by several factors, such as dust and dirt, pollution, UV rays and the use of inappropriate care products.
You need to know some of the most common hair problems. To find out the types of hair problems, you need to recognize the visible symptoms that accompany them. Delay in recognizing signs of hair problems will make hair more damaged. A number of treatments need to be done to treat certain types of hair problems.
Types of Hair Conditions and Their Symptoms
1. Common hair problem – Dry hair
When hair doesn’t have enough sebum to keep it shiny, it dries out. Sebum itself is an oil produced in the glands of the body, including the scalp. Without sufficient sebum, the layers of each hair strand are more susceptible to environmental damage.
Hair can become dry from too much washing and drying. Or, it may be a sign of something more serious like a thyroid problem or malnutrition.
People with dry skin tend to have dry hair too. Dry hair can also be triggered by actions that strip hair’s natural oils, such as swimming in chlorinated pools, sunbathing or using a hair dryer or styling tools too often.
Symptoms of dry hair:
- Rough texture (rough texture),
- Split ends,
- Tangled hair,
- Dry flakes,
- Hair fall.
How to care for dry hair:
Shampoo removes dirt and sweat from your hair. At the same time, the sebum on the scalp will also be removed. Therefore, avoid washing your hair every day. Instead, use a special shampoo for dry hair or even try baby shampoo.
2. Common hair problem – Oily hair
Oily hair is more common in people with straight hair. The reason is that there may not be enough hair to fully absorb the amount of sebum that the scalp produces. Straight hair tends to be oilier because sebum easily moves from the roots to the ends of the hair.
Meanwhile, people with curly hair complain of an oily feeling at the roots and dryness at the ends. This occurs because oil accumulates near the scalp.
An unexpected cause of oily hair is over-washing your hair. Every time you wash your hair with shampoo, your scalp will produce more sebum. This can lead to a buildup of oil on the scalp. In addition, straight hair types are very prone to oil accumulation. Straight hair has no texture or waves, so the oil slides right down the hair shaft and collects on your head.
Oily hair symptoms:
- Sticky hair,
- Hair loss.
How to care for oily hair:
Instead of using hot water, use cold water in the shower. Hot water stimulates the sebaceous glands, producing more sebum. Try rinsing your hair with cool water to close your hair cuticles and prevent your glands from working too hard.
3. Common hair problem – Dandruff
Scalp that produces white flakes is called dandruff. This is a harmless non-inflammatory skin condition. There are two types of dandruff that can cause hair loss: dry and wet.
Dry scalp mostly occurs in winter when the weather is dry. Whereas oily dandruff occurs when the glands of the scalp secrete excess sebum which accumulates on the head along with dust, forming flakes.
Most people experience dandruff at some time in their life. However, dandruff generally occurs in adolescence to middle age. There are various causes, including allergic reactions, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis. In addition, age, medical conditions, stress levels, weather, and hair product choices can all trigger dandruff.
- Dry scalp,
- White flakes in the hair and scalp (white flakes in the hair & scalp),
- Itching of the scalp (itching on the scalp),
- Oily hair/scalp (greasy hair/scalp),
How to treat dandruff:
To treat dandruff, make a hair mask made from natural ingredients. Choose materials according to the type of dandruff you are experiencing. Make a paste and apply it on the scalp. Leave it for 20 – 30 minutes and rinse with a mild or herbal shampoo.
4. Common hair problem – Split ends
Split ends occur when your hair becomes dry, brittle, and frayed. They may resemble the unraveled ends of a rope. Other causes of split ends include exposure to extreme weather conditions and hair care techniques such as straightening, blow drying and perms.
Chemical hair products can also cause split ends. With so many people using hair products every day, split ends are a common problem. At some point, almost everyone has dealt with split ends. Simply put, split ends occur when one strand of hair is split in half.
There are several types of split ends that you should know about: healthy ends, double y, long, split, triple. deep, feather, baby, tree, taper, incomplete split, crinkle, knot, thickening, offshoot, right angle, and white spots.. While this is normal, split ends indicate that your hair is damaged, dry, and overall unhealthy.
Split ends symptoms:
- Hair breakage,
- Damaged hair,
- Coarse hair
- Frizzy hair.
How to treat split ends::
Since these cannot be repaired, the most effective way to deal with split ends is to trim them. Therefore, being proactive and preventing them in the first place is very important. If split ends are not trimmed, the hair will continue to grow higher along the hair shaft.
5. Common hair problem – Hair loss
Hair loss can develop gradually over years or occur suddenly. Usually, new hair will replace the lost hair. However, this is not always the case. You may see a lot of hair in the drain after washing your hair or clumps of hair on the brush. If that happens, then you are more likely to experience hair loss than usual.
Also called alopecia, hair loss can affect your scalp or the whole body. Temporary or permanent hair loss occurs as a result of heredity, hormonal changes, medical conditions or a normal part of aging.
Some people prefer to leave their hair loss untreated and unconcealed. While others cover hair loss with hairstyles or hats.
Hair loss symptoms:
- Hair thinning,
- Receding hairline,
- Bald patches.
How to deal with hair loss:
The first treatment for hair loss is medication. Generally, over the counter (OTC) medications consist of topical creams and gels that are applied directly to the scalp. For a more thorough treatment, you should see a dermatologist.
6. Common hair problem – Frizzy hair
Frizz refers to strands that stick out from the rest of the hair. Tend to stand up or be curly, curly hair has a different type of texture. There are several types of curly hair including surface frizz, halo frizz, in-the-curl frizz, frizz at the ends, and pouf ball frizz.
Why is your hair frizzy? A common cause of frizzy hair is excessive air humidity. As we know, humidity and heat trigger frizzy hair. In addition, frizzy hair can also be caused by dryness.
Likewise with damaged hair which tends to dry naturally can make hair become frizzy. This happens when you apply too much heat to your hair, color, wash and dry your hair too often.
Frizzy hair symptoms:
- Hair loss,
- Hair breakage,
- Rough hair.
How to deal with frizzy hair:
When choosing a shampoo, look for products with glycerin listed at the top of the ingredient list. Glycerin helps fight frizz by penetrating hair and moisturizing it from the inside out. It is also a great humectant, absorbing moisture in the air, creating a protective layer and keeping the moisture.
7. Common hair problem – Damaged hair
More than just split ends, damaged hair can cause cracks in the outer layer (cuticle). Once the cuticles are open, the hair is at risk for further damage. Hair may look dull, frizzy and unruly.
For the most part, hair damage is irreparable because hair is actually a collection of dead cells. However, with proper care, the outer cuticle can be restored.
The cause of damaged hair is the use of chemicals when you dye your hair. Chemical dyes can strip your hair of its natural moisture, making it rough to the touch. The use of styling tools with high temperatures also makes your hair vulnerable to damage.
Damaged hair symptoms:
- Easily tangled,
- Dull and dry,
- Breaking off easily,
How to treat damaged hair:
Use hair masks that contain high concentrations of reparative and moisturizing ingredients such as vitamins and oils. You can use a hair mask twice a week or more.
8. Common hair problem – Gray/white hair
For most people, gray hair is an inevitable part of getting older. In the mid-30s, gray hair may appear so it is not surprising that by the 50s, some of the hair has turned gray.
There are several causes of gray hair including vitamin deficiencies, genetic factors, oxidative stress, certain medical conditions, smoking, exposure to chemicals from hair products.
Symptoms of gray hair:
- Hair turns to white,
- Graying of hair,
How to treat gray hair:
In the medical world, an effective formula has not been found to treat gray hair. However, there is nothing wrong with using a variety of natural ingredients such as hazelnut oil, coconut and lemon oil, and guava leaves. You can also consume hair oil and hair vitamins.
9. Common hair problem – Dull hair
Dull hair refers to hair that lacks natural moisture and shine. This occurs when hair doesn’t receive or retain enough moisture. Use of wrong hair care products, lack of nutrients in food, excessive use of chemicals cause hair to become dull.
Luckily, there are a variety of special treatments to treat dull hair and restore its natural shine.
Dull hair symptoms:
- Dry hair,
- Rough texture,
- Frizzy hair.
How to treat dull hair:
Hair experts recommend conditioning your hair every time you wash it. Conditioner can immediately help smooth the cuticles, which are the outermost layers of your hair. It also protects the cortex naturally. With consistent application, conditioning can restore hair’s natural reflection.
Related to Hair Care:
- Difference Between Shampoo & Conditioner You Should Know
- Main Causes of Dandruff and How to Get Rid of It Naturally
- Four Treatments of Scalp & Hair Experience by L’Oréal Professionnel
- 10 Benefits of Hair Spa: Maintaining Hair Roots to Overcoming Dandruff
- Helpful Tips for Choosing the Best Shampoo & Conditioner